Camenca – the history of a noble region
Camenca micro-region is a noble wine terroir of Moldova with exciting legends and histories. Located in the northern part of the country, it has a unique location: situated on the terraces of the Dniester River that crosses it in the South and limited in the North by high hills that protect it from the northerly winds. This positioning gives the Camenca area an exceptional wine potential, especially white wines, being similar to the winegrowing areas on the banks of the Rhein.
Wine has been produced here for millennia. In 1703 the wife of Timush Hmelniţki, Ruxanda, settles at the estate in Rascov, where a famous wine is produced, preferred at the courts of the nobility. Beginning with 1804, the estates of Camenca came into the possession of the Russian commander Piotr Wittgenstein, named by Lev Tolstoi “the hero of St. Petersburg” in his masterpiece “War and Peace “.
After the victory in the war with Napoleon, the Wittgenstein family settled in this region, which reminded him of the Moselle of Germany, the homeland of his ancestors. Discovering local wine, the prince invited 26 German families, good connoisseurs of viticulture, to live in the region. The white wine Chasselas amazes the German specialists, who have implemented the best viticulture practices to bring it to perfection.
Wittgenstein designs and builds wine terraces exposed to the Dniester River, from where he produced up to 40,000 wine casks, from noble varieties: Riesling, Chasselas, Traminer, Alvarna, Pinot Noir, etc. Camenca wine becomes a legend in Poland and in the Podolia prefecture, being considered to have healing powers.
Thus, Wittgenstein establishes here the first sanatorium with treatments based on uvotherapy, using grapes and wine. The patients left here healthy, cheerful and happy.