The wine sector in Moldova is on an upward trend. Wine year 2018 marked an increase in grape harvest, vineyard areas for the production of Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) wines and the value of exports.
Figures are contained in a comprehensive activity report of the National Office for Vine and Wine (ONVV) and were made public during the 2018 edition of the annual National and Wine Vine Conference, held in Chisinau. During the event, attended by representatives of the wine sector and press, results of ONVV’s activities in 2018 were presented, wine policies and conjuncture, harvest features, trade and export activity indicators as well as results of the Best Grapes and Vineyards with Scientific Potential (Terroir) projects.
A high harvest was recorded for the second consecutive year. Last year, Moldova recorded one of the most important grape harvests in the past 10 years, which placed our country 19th among worldwide wine producers.
Vine and wine branch structure. Investments
The Republic of Moldova vine and wine sector is the biggest jobs generator in the rural area, 29 679 legal entities are involved in this sector of the economy. There are 187 wineries registered in the Wine Register, out of which 68 possess own vineyards. Thus, the wineries own 36% of the total vineyards area, with an average surface of 220 hectares per winery.
In 2018 investments amounted to $20 million, of which $10.5 million were allocated for vineyard planting, $4.7 million for the modernization of wineries, $1.7 million for the development of markets and $0.23 million for various viticulture development programs.
Vineyard area and production potential
The Republic of Moldova remains the country with the highest density of vineyards in the world. Technical varieties are planted on an area of 74 200 hectares, decreasing by 4% in comparison to 2017. Of the total vineyard area, 48 230 hectares are planted with white varieties while 25 970 hectares with red varieties. During 2018, the area of vineyards with indigenous and new selection varieties increased by 15%. Moreover, the area of vineyards with technical varieties registered in the Vine and Wine Register reached 30 000 hectares, 40% more in comparison to same period of the last year.
Evolution of vineyards with Protected Geographical Indication (PGI)
During 2018, the area of vineyards bearing technical varieties destined for production of wines with Protected Geographical Indication increased by 22%, reaching 9 200 hectares. At the same time, the number of wineries producing PGI wines increased to 71 or by 15%, most of them being recorded in the Valul lui Traian area (35%).
According to data records of the Viticulture Register, the most cultivated technical varieties by surface are:
Red varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon (4 018 hectares), Merlot (3 781 hectares), Pinot Noir (1 164 hectares);
White varieties: Aligote (3 813 hectares), Sauvignon (3 436 hectares), Chardonnay (2 010 hectares).
Of the 19 million decalitres of wine produced, 55% are still and effervescent white wines, followed by red wines (35%), rosé wines (8%) and licorous white, rosé and red wines (2%).
Production of wine
The “Vine and Wine Year 2018″ report shows that 680 000 tons of grapes were harvested from a total area of 128 000 hectares of vine, with an average yield of 5.3 tons per hectare. 356 000 tons of technical grapes were processed, of which 16.5 million decalitres of still wine was produced, 2.5 million decalitres of sparkling wines and other 4.8 million decalitres of distillates were obtained.
Wines with Protected Geographic Indication (PGI)
855 629 decalitres of Protected Geographic Indication wine were produced in 2018 harvest season, the greatest share being registered in the Valul lui Traian PGI region.
Moldovan wine consumption on the internal market
In 2018, the volume of wine on the domestic market is about 30.1 million liters. By volume on domestic market, sales of PGI wines amounts over 13% of the market share by volume, and 26% of the total market by value.
In 2018, Moldovan wine exports value reached MDL 2.886 billion, registering an increase of 11% over the 2015-2017 average. Thus, this represents 14% of the value created by the agri-food industry, 6% of the Republic of Moldova’s total exports and 2% of the country’s GDP.
Most important export markets for Moldova by value are: Romania, China, Poland, the Czech Republic, Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Canada, Belarus, USA.
Wine and Vine Year 2018. Brief statistical data
2017 Harvest: 18.00 mln. dal (+28%)
2017 Stocks: 14.00 mln. dal (-11%)
14% of value created in agri-food industry
6% of Moldova’s total export
2% of the GDP
BY VOLUME: Poland (14%) / Romania and Czech Republic (13%) / Russian Fed. (12%) / China (10%);
BY VALUE: Romania (15%) / China (13%)/ Poland (12.5%) / Czech (+11.4%) / Russian Fed. (11%);